nginx uwsgi flask

Nginx uswgi Python

How to run python web application in web server.
We can run web app under python but, it doesn’t enough for production use.
I tried to prepare python web app env using nginx
Test env is following

  • Ubuntu 15.10
  • nginx 1.9.3
  • python 3.4

Finally, I introduce two ways(reverse proxy, and uWSGI protocol)

Install nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx

To check installation,

nginx -v

Install pip and uwsgi

sudo apt-get install python-pip3
pip3 install uwsgi

Please install python version uwsgi, not distribution version
Install location is /home/kiririn/.local/bin/uswgi
kiririn is username

uWSGI is a kind of proxy server. uWSGI support several programming language,
python, etc…
uWSGI uses uWSGI, http, FastCGI and communicates with webserver
In this time, we tried to communicate with nginx

Check uSWGI

uWSGI works with standalone
Let’s try.
Prepare sample python codes,(this works as web process)

def application(environ,start_response):
    status = '200 OK'
    output = b'Hello World!'
    response_headers = [('Content-type','text/plain'),
    return [output]

This codes show Hello world in browser.
Use following

/home/kiririn/.local/bin/uwsgi --http :9090 --wsgi-file

uWSGI(http) + nginx reverse proxy

One of ways is to use nginx reverse proxy.
Change nginx setting. /etc/nginx
nginx port is 8888, set reverse proxy setting in
Add following to /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

server {
   listen 8888;
   location / {
       include /etc/nginx/uwsgi_params;

nginx supports uwsgi, it has uwsgi_params file under /etc/nginx
We need to load this file.

Start wsgi. port is 3031

/home/kiririn/.local/bin/uwsgi --http :3031 --wsgi-file

It’s simple setting. just proxy, 3031 is already use by uwsgi
just works as proxy

We can access http://localhost:8888

uWSGI(uWSGI protocol) + nginx

In above case, we use 3031 and 8888 port.
To use uWSGI protocol, we use just only 8888.
uSWGI and nginx communicate by unix socket

/home/kiririn/.local/bin/uwsgi --socket /tmp/uwsgi.sock --wsgi-file --chmod-socket=666

I added chmod-socket. This is for permission problem.

Add following description in /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

server {
   listen 8888;
   location / {
   	   include /etc/nginx/uwsgi_params;
	   uwsgi_pass unix:///tmp/uwsgi.sock;

Access http://localhost:8888, it will work

Nginx + Flask

Let’s create simple flask app.

Install flask

pip3 install flask

Prepare app

I create app under /home/kiririn/www/flask
kiririn is user name.
The file name is

from flask import Flask
app = Flask(__name__)

def index():
  return 'Hello Bob!'

Start uWSGI

/home/kiririn/.local/bin/uwsgi --socket /tmp/uswgi.sock --wsgi-file --callable app --chmod-socket=666

Access and test

Access http://localhost:8888
You can see Hello Bob!


The uWSGI project
Flask + uWSGI + Nginx でハローワールドするまで @ さくらのVPS (CentOS 6.6)